BASIC SKILLS: BACKING AND PARKING
Backing. The most common mistake that drivers make when backing is
failing to look both ways behind them. Mirrors do not give you a full
view. To see as much as possible, turn your body and head to the right
and look out through the rear window. Back slowly, and check for pedestrians and approaching traffic by glancing quickly to either side.
When backing, you must keep careful control of the vehicle’s direction and speed. When you are in reverse, the rear of the vehicle moves in
the same direction you turn the steering wheel, and the front of the vehicle swings in the other direction. To steer in reverse, follow these steps:
1. Keep your foot on the brake and shift the vehicle into reverse gear. If
you are backing straight, place your left hand on the top of the steering wheel and your right arm across the top of the seat. Look over
your right shoulder. If you are backing to the right or left, keep both
hands on the wheel and look over your shoulder in the direction you
want to move.
2. Ease pressure off the brake slowly. Give yourself plenty of time to
judge the rear and front of the vehicle.
3. Look where you want to go so that you can identify and correct steering errors early. Turn the wheels as needed.
4. Concentrate your visual scanning out the rear window, with quick
repeated glances out the front window. Make sure the front end of
the vehicle will not strike anything. Continue to look out the rear
window as you bring the vehicle to a complete stop.